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Optimization of composition, structure and mechanical strength of bioactive 3-D glass-ceramic scaffolds for bone substitution

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Oana Bretcanu


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Fabrication of 3-D highly porous, bioactive, and mechanically competent scaffolds represents a significant challenge of bone tissue engineering. In this work, Bioglass®-derived glass-ceramic scaffolds actually fulfilling this complex set of requirements were successfully produced through the sponge replication method. Scaffold processing parameters and sintering treatment were carefully designed in order to obtain final porous bodies with pore content (porosity above 70 %vol), trabecular architecture and mechanical properties (compressive strength up to 3 MPa) analogous to those of the cancellous bone. Influence of the Bioglass® particles size on the structural and mechanical features of the sintered scaffolds was considered and discussed. Relationship between porosity and mechanical strength was investigated and modeled. Three-dimensional architecture, porosity, mechanical strength and in vitro bioactivity of the optimized Bioglass®-derived scaffolds were also compared to those of CEL2-based glass-ceramic scaffolds (CEL2 is an experimental bioactive glass originally developed by the authors at Politecnico di Torino) fabricated by the same processing technique, in an attempt at understanding the role of different bioactive glass composition on the major features of scaffolds prepared by the same method.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Baino F, Ferraris M, Bretcanu O, Verné E, Vitale-Brovarone C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Biomaterials Applications

Year: 2013

Volume: 27

Issue: 7

Pages: 872-890

Print publication date: 29/12/2011

ISSN (print): 0885-3282

ISSN (electronic): 1530-8022

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd.


DOI: 10.1177/0885328211429193


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