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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Margaret Carol Bell CBE,
Dr Fabio Galatioto,
Dr Patrizia Franco
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By 2050, UK population is projected to reach 80m (ONS, 2009), the overwhelming majority of which are anticipated to continue to live in cities. Nationally, urban areas are likely to become more densely populated surrounded by expanding urban areas, with increasing resource demands. Interactions within cities, across urban areas and with surrounding cities, towns and ‘rural’ areas will place new and different demands on infrastructure, whether it be housing, energy, waste collection, ecosystem services but more importantly on transport. Growth in urban populations coincides with an unprecedented requirement for an 80% cut in greenhouse gas emissions on 1990 levels by 2050 (DECC, 2009). This poses huge challenges alongside the targets set by the EU Air Quality Directive (2008/50/EC) which are being exceeded throughout the UK and more widely across Europe and demanding substantial fines. Scientific evidence clearly shows that technologies to reduce tailpipe emission have not entirely been successful and tax incentives, to encourage sales of diesel cars with higher number miles per litre are likely to be responsible for the prevalence of nitrogen dioxide events. This paper presents results of research which has quantified potential savings in carbon dioxide by reducing the dwell time at bus stops through smart ticketing and by introducing a specific example of public transport interchange, namely a bus hub.
Author(s): Bell MC, Galatioto F, Franco P, Benson R
Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)
Publication status: Published
Conference Name: 9th ITS European Congress
Year of Conference: 2013