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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Tom ZunderORCiD,
Dr Paulus AditjandraORCiD
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Clean urban freight is at the heart of creating European cities environmentally sound, socially inclusive and economically viable. Over 60% of the EU population currently lives in urban areas and contributing up 85% of the GDP. The European Commission’s 2011 Transport White Paper has set up scenarios and vision of the future urban freight transport. Some of the scenarios include minimising the number of freight movements and the distance required to carry them out; using low emission vehicles/trucks; and making maximum use of intelligent transport systems (ITS) to increase the efficiency of delivery. This research adopts a logical framework analysis [logframe] methodology to better understand and to identify urban freight stakeholders’ needs and commitments to improve last mile urban freight and then design and monitor interventions to achieve sustainable change. The methodology is commonly used in developing environments and countries, so the application of logframe in the developed world can be considered novel and this paper further extends this by its application to the promotion of sustainable urban freight. The objective of this paper is to analyse the process of logframe application in three different cities and regions in Europe: the City of Berlin, Germany; the City of Como, Italy; and City of Newcastle upon-Tyne, UK. Series of workshops involving multi-stakeholder consultations were held across the three cities and regions to identify and to agree on how best to achieve greener last mile freight. In Berlin, these have resulted into an agreement between the City of Berlin and the local multimodal logistics centre to use electric vehicle (EV) and a route planning optimisation device for improved fuel efficiency – an Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) device – on an 8 kilometres corridor. Political support and market conditioning were being identified as the key aspects towards the sustainable urban freight initiative. In Como, local businesses and authorities within an historic touristic town were mainly engaged to commit to a revitalisation of urban consolidation centre with support from the regulation of low traffic zone and the uptake of EV. In Newcastle, a commitment by one of the largest employer in the region, a leading University, was reached to utilise new procurement approach, delivery and servicing plan, and internal consolidation centre to achieve sustainable urban freight with EV and ITS support. An on-going coherent campus strategy embedding environmental sustainability was identified as momentum for the big employer as ‘receiver’ to pursue green urban freight initiative. The main strength of the logframe approach was the engagement of different stakeholders from the very beginning of the project. This approach has shaped the project itself based on common understanding. From the monitoring perspective, the early involvement of stakeholders also helped define the possible existing data sources and create commitment to providing the data. From the logframe process in the three cities, it was recognised that logframe is a time-consuming process. It was not possible every time to involve all stakeholders and have open sessions that refer to limited willingness to participate. This is especially true in the case of Newcastle, the fact that there was limited support and interest from some local stakeholders (the opposite of Como and Berlin) was an important barrier to the logframe process. This process was modified in practice, and this seems in line with the nature of urban freight as a highly localised activity. The process in Berlin and Como was focused on defining the existing objective, the process in Newcastle was more open and has generated more actions and interventions which have a wider more ‘holistic’ approach to the issues. This paper will report both the context and results of the three case studies and a considered review of the transferability of the methodology to other urban freight problems and interventions.
Author(s): Zunder TH, Aditjandra PT, Schoemaker JT, Laparidou K, Vaghi C
Editor(s): Gevevieve Giuliano
Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)
Publication status: Published
Conference Name: I-NUF 5th METRANS International Urban Freight Conference
Year of Conference: 2013