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Use of CFD Simulation in Urban Design for Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Hot and Dry Climates: A Review

Lookup NU author(s): Khalid Setaih, Dr Neveen Hamza, Professor Tim Townshend



Pedestrian thermal comfort in outdoor environments depends mainly on environmental parameters, urban physical configurations, and socio-behavioural factors. Due to rapid urbanisation and the density of urban construction, the characteristics of outdoor microclimate have been influenced, leading to pedestrian dissatisfaction with the thermal environment in many cities. This problem has posed many challenges to urban designers and other researchers in finding suitable ways to mitigate the heat stress of thermal environments in outdoor urban spaces. The purpose of this current research seeks to review the appropriate methods that may be used to increase the thermal comfort conditions in outdoor pedestrian spaces. This paper also reviews the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to simulate outdoor wind flow conditions that affect pedestrian thermal comfort in urban design as a tool for the simulation of outdoor thermal comfort factors. Finally, it highlights a number of advantages and challenges in the application of CFD.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Setaih K, Hamza N, Townsend T

Editor(s): Vian Ahmed

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: 11th International Postgraduate Research Conference (IPGRC 2013)

Year of Conference: 2013

Date deposited: 17/07/2013

Publisher: School of Built Environment, University of Salford