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RuxNb1-xO2 catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction in proton exchange membrane water electrolyser

Lookup NU author(s): Vinod Puthiyapura, Professor Suddhasatwa Basu, Dr Xu Wu, Emeritus Professor Keith Scott



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Bimetallic catalyst system of ruthenium oxide (RuO2) and niobium oxide (Nb2O5) was prepared using the Adams method and the hydrolysis method. Physical and electrochemical characterizations of the catalysts were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammogram (CV) and polarization measurements. Nb2O5 addition to RuO2 was found to increase the stability of RuO2. In Adams method the sodium nitrate was found to be forming complex with Nb2O5 at high temperature reaction. This makes Adams method unsuitable for the synthesis of RuO2 Nb2O5 bimetallic system. Hydrolysis method on other hand does not have this problem. But a proper mixture of two oxides was not obtained in hydrolysis method. A lower crystallite size for bimetallic system was obtained with Adams method compared to hydrolysis method. RuO2 prepared by Adams method had higher activity compared to the hydrolysis counterpart in electrolyzer operation with nafion membrane. A cell voltage of 1.62 V was obtained with RuO2 (A) at 1 A/cm(2). A higher stability for Ru0.8Nb0.2O2(A) compared to RuO2(A) was observed in continuous cyclic voltammogram and electrolyzer cell test. Copyright (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Scott K; Basu S; Puthiyapura VK; Wu X; Pasupathi S; Su HN; Varagunapandiyan N; Pollet B

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

Year: 2013

Volume: 38

Issue: 21

Pages: 8605-8616

Print publication date: 17/07/2013

Online publication date: 01/06/2013

Acceptance date: 18/04/2013

Date deposited: 29/11/2013

ISSN (print): 0360-3199

ISSN (electronic): 1879-3487

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.100


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