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Potentially toxic contamination of sediments, water and two animal species in Lake Kalimanci, FYR Macedonia: Relevance to human health

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Elaine Mutch


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The objectives of the research were: (1) to examine the concentrations of metals in Vimba melanops and Rana temporaria and (2) to evaluate the potential risks of the contaminated organisms to human health in Makedonska Kamenica region. Analyses identified high levels of Cr, Hg, Ni and Pb in studied animals, which also exceeded their permissible levels in food. In sediment and soil samples, levels of Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb, Zn and As were perceived, while Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Se and As were increased in water samples. Results of transfer factor revealed that the examined animals had higher bioaccumulation rate from surrounding waters than from sediments or soils. The accomplished Health Risk Index disclosed that studied animals can have considerably high health risks for inhabitants. Conclusively, they could be considered as highly contaminated with metals and can consequently harm human health, especially children in their early development stages. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Vrhovnik P, Arrebola JP, Serafimovski T, Dolenec T, Smuc NR, Dolenec M, Mutch E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Pollution

Year: 2013

Volume: 180

Pages: 92-100

Print publication date: 05/06/2013

ISSN (print): 0269-7491

ISSN (electronic): 1873-6424

Publisher: Pergamon


DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.05.004


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Funder referenceFunder name
PTA-MICINN program (Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation)
1000-09-310079Slovenian Research Agency (ARRS)