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Health Related Quality of Life and Emotional Health in Children with Chronic Granulomatous Disease: A Comparison of Those Managed Conservatively with Those That Have Undergone Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Theresa Cole, Professor Andrew Cant, Professor Mark PearceORCiD, Professor Andrew GenneryORCiD


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Purpose Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency that predisposes to life-threatening infections and inflammation. Haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) can cure CGD. Chronic illness reduces quality of life. Children with haematological malignancies report improved quality of life post-HSCT. There are no data for children with CGD. This study evaluated quality of life and emotional well-being in CGD children treated conventionally or transplanted. Methods Parents and children completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory v4.0 (PedsQL) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires (SDQ). Mean scores were compared with published UK norms. Comparisons were made for those that had or had not undergone HSCT. Results Forty-seven parents completed PedsQL (children aged 3-15). Twenty-one were post-HSCT. Forty-two completed SDQ (children aged 3-15). Nineteen post-HSCT. Median age for non-HSCT group 9 years. Median age for post-HSCT group 10 years. The HSCT group were median 3 years post-HSCT (range 1-9 years). HSCT survival was 90 %-two died without completing questionnaires Parent and self-reported quality of life for non-transplanted children was significantly lower than healthy children. Parents reported increased emotional difficulties compared to published norms. PedsQL and SDQ scores for transplanted children were not significantly different from healthy norms. Conclusions This study demonstrates the quality of life is reduced in CGD. Transplanted patients have quality of life comparable to levels reported in healthy children. This data will help inform families and clinicians when deciding about treatment and may have relevance for other immunodeficiencies treated with transplant.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Cole T, McKendrick F, Titman P, Cant AJ, Pearce MS, Cale CM, Goldblatt D, Gennery AR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Immunology

Year: 2013

Volume: 33

Issue: 1

Pages: 8-13

Print publication date: 12/08/2012

ISSN (print): 0271-9142

ISSN (electronic): 1573-2592

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/s10875-012-9758-0


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Funder referenceFunder name
CGD Society
PB-PG-0909-19060National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under its Research for Patient Benefit (RfPB) Programme