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SCID mice as an in vivo model of human cord blood hematopoiesis

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Hermann Josef Vormoor


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Cord blood is increasingly used as an alternative stem cell source for autologous and allogeneic transplantation, particularly in pediatric patients. We therefore adopted our protocol for transplanting human adult bone marrow cells into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice [1] to develop an in vivo model for cord blood hematopoiesis. Intravenous injection of unfractionated or Ficoll-separated cord blood cells into sublethally irradiated SCID mice led to high levels of human hematopoiesis in the majority of the recipients [2]. Multilineage human hematopoiesis including committed and multipotential myeloerythroid progenitors as well as CD19+ B-lymphoid cells were observed in the murine bone marrow for at least 18 weeks. Together, these data indicate that the SCID mice were engrafted with an immature cell that was able to maintain multiple progenitor lineages in vivo. In contrast to our experiences with adult bone marrow, high levels of human cell engraftment in the mouse could be achieved without exogenous cytokine treatment, suggesting that the cord blood cells respond differently to the murine microenvironment. Alternatively, the cord blood cells might have been able to provide themselves with the necessary growth factors in a paracrine fashion. This model will be useful in gaining new insights into the biology of immature human cord blood progenitors and cord blood transplantation.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Vormoor J, Lapidot T, Pflumio F, Risdon G, Patterson B, Broxmeyer HE, Dick JE

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Blood Cells

Year: 1994

Volume: 20

Issue: 2-3

Pages: 316-322

Print publication date: 01/01/1994

ISSN (print): 0340-4684


PubMed id: 7538337

Notes: 0340-4684 (Print) Journal Article Paper: pp. 316-319; discussion: pp. 320-322