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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sven Lahme
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"Aromatoleum aromaticum" EbN1 was cultivated at different growth rates in benzoate-limited chemostats under nitrate-reducing conditions. Physiological characteristics, proteome dynamics, phospholipid-linked fatty acid (PLFA) composition, and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) content were analyzed in steady-state cells at low (μ(low)) (0.036 h(-1)), medium (μ(med)) (0.108 h(-1)), and high (μ(high)) (0.180 h(-1)) growth rates. A positive correlation to growth rate was observed for cellular parameters (cell size, and DNA and protein contents). The free energy consumed for biomass formation steadily increased with growth rate. In contrast, the energy demand for maintenance increased only from μ(low) to μ(med) and then remained constant until μ(high). The most comprehensive proteomic changes were observed at μ(low) compared to μ(high). Uniformly decreased abundances of protein components of the anaerobic benzoyl coenzyme A (benzoyl-CoA) pathway, central carbon metabolism, and information processing agree with a general deceleration of benzoate metabolism and cellular processes in response to slow growth. In contrast, increased abundances were observed at μ(low) for diverse catabolic proteins and components of uptake systems in the absence of the respective substrate (aromatic or aliphatic compounds) and for proteins involved in stress responses. This potential catabolic versatility and stress defense during slow growth may be interpreted as preparation for future needs.
Author(s): Trautwein K, Lahme S, Wöhlbrand L, Feenders C, Mangelsdorf K, Harder J, Steinbüchel A, Blasius B, Reinhardt R, Rabus R
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Bacteriology
Print publication date: 24/02/2012
ISSN (print): 0021-9193
ISSN (electronic): 1098-5530
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
PubMed id: 22366417
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