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Exploring the Impact of Informal Practices on Social Exclusion and Age-Friendliness for Older People in Rural Communities

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Thomas Scharf, Emeritus Professor Mark Shucksmith OBE


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This article explores the role of informal practices, across the state, private, voluntary, and family and friend systems, in addressing social exclusion in rural communities in Ireland and Northern Ireland. In doing so, we examine the relevance of the ‘age-friendly’ concept to rural settings. Using focus group discussions, involving 62 community stakeholders from 10 communities across the two jurisdictions, we explore the four systems and their limitations in the communities and the informal practices that underlie system interactions and older adult supports and engagement. Informal practices, such as cooperative working between system actors and the performance of tasks outside professional and organisational remits, were found to underpin many community responses to supporting older people and arose from collective interdependencies, the multiplicity of individual roles (e.g. professional, community member and volunteer) and positions of need. Informal practices strengthened the capacity of these rural communities to address social exclusion of older people and enhanced local aspects of age-friendliness. The findings are discussed in light of the diversity of rural older people and their communities, transformative process of change and the need for a more nuanced understanding of age-friendliness in rural settings.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Walsh K, O'Shea E, Scharf T, Shucksmith M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology

Year: 2014

Volume: 24

Issue: 1

Pages: 37-49

Print publication date: 09/01/2014

ISSN (print): 1052-9284

ISSN (electronic): 1099-1298

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd


DOI: 10.1002/casp.2176


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