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Admission Heart Rate Predicts Mortality Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Karthik Balasubramaniam, Dr Rajiv Das, Professor Vijay KunadianORCiD, Professor Azfar Zaman


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Background: The prognostic value of admission heart rate (HR) on long-term mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains uncertain in the era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 2571 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing PPCI at a regional tertiary centre. Only patients in sinus rhythm on admission (n=2310) were included in this study, which aimed to assess the predictive value of admission HR on long-term mortality following PPCI and the influence of β-blockers on post-discharge survival. Results: Patients were classified according to admission heart rate: either low (≤70 beat per minute (bpm), n=1015) or high HR group (>70 bpm, n=1295). At a median follow-up of 559 days, all-cause mortality was 7.0% in the low HR group compared to 12.7% in the high HR group. In the Cox proportional hazard model corrected for several confounders, the adjusted HR for all-cause mortality in the high HR group was 1.59 (95% CI 1.15 to 2.20; p=0.005). Furthermore, every 10 bpm increase in admission heart rate was associated with 17% increase in all-cause mortality. Pharmacological intervention with β-blockers on discharge was associated with a reduction in post-discharge mortality only in the high HR group (adjusted HR, 0.49; 95% CI 0.31 to 0.77; p=0.002) versus 0.74 (95% CI 0.37 to 1.49; p=0.40) in the low HR group. Conclusions: Elevated admission heart rate in PPCI-treated STEMI patients is associated with long-term all-cause mortality. β-Blocker therapy improved post-discharge survival only in patients with elevated admission heart rate.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Balasubramaniam K, Noman A, Das R, Kunadian V, Ivanauskiene T, Zaman A

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: British Cardiovascular Society Annual Conference

Year of Conference: 2013

Pages: A24-A25

ISSN: 1355-6037

Publisher: BMJ Group


DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2013-304019.33

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

Series Title: Heart

ISBN: 1468201X