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Enhancement of the accuracy of single-epoch GPS positioning for long baselines by local ionospheric modelling

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Stuart Edwards, Professor Peter ClarkeORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Single-epoch relative GPS positioning has many advantages, especially for monitoring dynamic targets. In this technique, errors occurring in previous epochs cannot affect the position accuracy at the current epoch, but careful processing is required, and resolving carrier phase ambiguities is essential. Statistical ambiguity resolution functions have been used to determine the best values of these ambiguities. The function inputs include as a minimum the known base station position, the approximate roving antenna “seed” position, and the dual-frequency carrier phase measurements from both receivers. We investigate different solutions to find the ambiguity function inputs that achieve the highest ambiguity resolution success rate. First, we address the rover seed position. A regionally filtered undifferenced pseudorange coordinate solution proves better than a double-differenced one. Multipath errors approximately repeat themselves every sidereal day in the case of static or quasi-static antennas; applying a sidereal filter to the pseudorange-derived positions mitigates their effects. Second, we address the relative carrier phase measurements, which for medium to long baselines are significantly affected by ionospheric propagation errors imperfectly removed during differencing. In addition to the International GNSS Service ionospheric model, we generate a local pseudorange-based ionospheric correction. Applying this correction improves the quality of the phase measurements, leading to more successful ambiguity resolution. Temporally smoothing the correction by means of a Kalman filter further improves the phase measurements. For baselines in the range 60–120 km, the mean absolute deviation of single-epoch coordinates improves to 10–20 cm, from 30–50 cm in the default case.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Assiadi A, Edwards SJ, Clarke PJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: GPS Solutions

Year: 2014

Volume: 18

Issue: 3

Pages: 453-460

Print publication date: 01/07/2014

Online publication date: 31/10/2013

Acceptance date: 07/10/2013

Date deposited: 09/11/2015

ISSN (print): 1080-5370

ISSN (electronic): 1521-1886

Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


DOI: 10.1007/s10291-013-0344-6


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