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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Zhenhong Li
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An ellipsoidal height datum (e.g. WGS84) is required in SAR Interferometric processing, whilst DEMs are often referenced to a geoid datum (e.g. EMG96). Therefore, geoid height error is introduced due to the inconsistency of height datums in InSAR derived displacement maps. In this paper, the relationship between geoid heights and uncertainties in InSAR displacements is investigated using 27 scenes of Envisat ASAR ScanSAR images and 44 scenes of Image-mode images covering the western Altyn Tagh Fault, northern Tibetan Plateau. A typical error of 8.8 m in SRTM DEM leads to 3mm uncertainty in an InSAR interferogram with a perpendicular baseline of 100m, whilst a geoid height of 20m can result in 10mm uncertainty. Geoid height varies from one place to another, and is highly correlated with topography. The impacts of geoid height on InSAR displacements increase with perpendicular baselines, but SAR images with a small perpendicular baseline may not be available in some cases. In addition, it may also not always be feasible to use a best-fitting plane to remove the impacts of geoid height. It is thus highly recommended in this paper that DEMs with an ellipsoidal height datum should be employed in interferometric processing, particularly when long-wavelength crustal deformation is targeted.
Author(s): Li P, Li Z, Shi C, Feng W, Liang C, Li T, Zeng Q, Liu J
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Chinese Journal of Geophysics (Chinese Edition)
Print publication date: 24/06/2013
ISSN (print): 0898-9591
ISSN (electronic): 2326-0440
Publisher: Zhongguo Diqiu Wuli Xuehui
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