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Hydraulic Performance and Iron Removal in Wetlands and Lagoons Treating Ferruginous Coal Mine Waters

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Adam Jarvis, Dr Catherine Gandy


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A study of hydraulic residence time has been conducted for several UK Coal Authority mine water treatment systems to evaluate the impact of residence time on the overall hydraulic performance and iron removal within the systems. A series of tracer tests were conducted within the Coal Authority mine water treatment wetlands and lagoons to measure actual hydraulic residence time. The tracer residence time distributions (RTDs) were analysed based on a tanks-in-series (TIS) model to yield the mean residence time and corresponding hydraulic characteristics of the systems. The relationship between iron retention and residence time was tested against a first-order removal model. The mean hydraulic efficiency is 69 % for the wetlands compared to 24 % for the lagoons, mainly attributable to comparatively greater volumetric efficiency within the wetland systems. The mean number of TIS, n, is 3.9 for the wetlands and 2.1 for the lagoons, illustrating considerably different flow patterns between wetlands and lagoons. There is also a notable difference of treatment efficiency for iron; mean of 81 % and 47 % for wetlands and lagoons, respectively. Generally, it appears that system hydraulic efficiency (derived from the principle of TIS model) corresponds with iron retention in the treatment systems.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kusin F, Jarvis A, Gandy C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Wetlands

Year: 2014

Volume: 34

Issue: 3

Pages: 555-564

Print publication date: 01/06/2014

ISSN (print): 0277-5212

ISSN (electronic): 1943-6246

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/s13157-014-0523-4


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