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The Triple Helix of Innovation: Towards a University-led Development Strategy for Africa

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Henry Etzkowitz, Dr James Dzisah


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In knowledge-based societies, the interaction among aTriple Helix of university-industry-government is the source of innovation and development. Within a triplehelix regime, university-government interactions canhelp jump-start the creation of firms if they are absent,or if present, expand their growth. The triple helix development model for Africa represents a radical departure from the conventional development models that has separated the three institutional spheres—higher education, industry and government and has consistently left out universities from development strategies and policies.The paper outlines the triple helix model of innovationand development and the emerging entrepreneurialuniversity model as an academic reform strategy in thedeveloping world, whereby higher education is refocusedon issues of development, entrepreneurship and innovation.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Etzkowitz H, Dzisah J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: African Technology Development Forum Journal

Year: 2007

Volume: 4

Issue: 2

Pages: 3-10

ISSN (electronic): 1817-2008

Publisher: African Technology Development Forum