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Mitochondrial DNA deletions and depletion within paraspinal muscles

Lookup NU author(s): Graham Campbell, Dr Amy Reeve, Dr Iryna Ziabreva, Dr Tuomo Polvikoski, Professor Robert Taylor, Emeritus Professor Doug Turnbull, Dr Don Mahad



G. R. Campbell, A. Reeve, I. Ziabreva, T. M. Polvikoski, R. W. Taylor, R. Reynolds, D. M. Turnbull and D. J. Mahad (2013) Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology39, 377389 Mitochondrial DNA deletions and depletion within paraspinal muscles Aims: Although mitochondrial abnormalities have been reported within paraspinal muscles in patients with axial weakness and neuromuscular disease as well as with ageing, the basis of respiratory deficiency in paraspinal muscles is not known. This study aimed to determine the extent and basis of respiratory deficiency in paraspinal muscles from cases undergoing surgery for degenerative spinal disease and post mortem cases without a history of spinal disease, where age-related histopathological changes were previously reported. Methods: Cervical and lumbar paraspinal muscles were obtained peri-operatively from 13 patients and from six post mortem control cases (age range 1882 years) without a neurological disease. Sequential COX/SDH (mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV/complex II) histochemistry was performed to identify respiratory-deficient muscle fibres (lacking complex IV with intact complex II activity). Real-time polymerase chain reaction, long-range polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were used to identify and characterize mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions and determine mtDNA copy number status. Mitochondrial respiratory chain complex subunits were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results: The density of respiratory-deficient fibres increased with age. On average, 3.96% of fibres in paraspinal muscles were respiratory-deficient (range 010.26). Respiratory deficiency in 36.8% of paraspinal muscle fibres was due to clonally expanded mtDNA deletions. MtDNA depletion accounted for further 13.5% of respiratory deficiency. The profile of immunohistochemically detected subunits of complexes was similar in respiratory-deficient fibres with and without mtDNA deletions or mtDNA depletion. Conclusions: Paraspinal muscles appeared to be particularly susceptible to age-related mitochondrial respiratory chain defects. Clonally expanded mtDNA deletions and focal mtDNA depletion may contribute towards the development of age-related postural abnormalities.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Campbell GR, Reeve A, Ziabreva I, Polvikoski TM, Taylor RW, Reynolds R, Turnbull DM, Mahad DJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology

Year: 2013

Volume: 39

Issue: 4

Pages: 377-389

Print publication date: 01/06/2013

Online publication date: 25/04/2013

Acceptance date: 29/05/2012

Date deposited: 03/11/2014

ISSN (print): 0305-1846

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2990

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2990.2012.01290.x


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Funder referenceFunder name
Economic and Social Research Council
Wellcome Trust Centre for Mitochondrial Research
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Newcastle Healthcare Charity
Newcastle University Centre for Brain Ageing and Vitality
Wellcome Trust (Intermediate Clinical Fellowship)
G0700718Medical Research Council as part of the cross-council Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Initiative