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Oncological Feasibility of Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy for Adenocarcinoma: A Single-Institution Comparative Study

Lookup NU author(s): Bryon Jaques, Professor Derek Manas, Richard Charnley, Jeremy French, Steven White


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Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) is performed increasingly for pancreatic pathology in the body and tail of the pancreas. However, only few reports have compared its oncological efficacy with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP). We compared these two techniques in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.From a prospectively maintained database, all patients who underwent either LDP or ODP for adenocarcinoma in the body and tail of the pancreas between January 2008 and December 2011 were compared. Data were analysed using SPSSA (R) v19 utilising standard tests. A p value < 0.05 was considered significant.Of 101 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy, 22 had histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma (LDP n = 8, ODP n = 14). Both groups were well matched for age and the size of tumour (22 vs. 32 mm, p = 0.22). Intraoperative blood loss was 306 ml compared with 650 ml for ODP (p = 0.152). A longer operative time was noted for LDP (376 vs. 274 min, p < 0.05). Total length of stay was shorter for LDP compared with ODP (8 vs. 12 days, p = 0.05). The number of postoperative pancreatic fistulas were similar (LDP n = 2 vs. ODP n = 3, p = 0.5). Complete resection (R0) was achieved in 88 % of LDP (n = 7) compared with 86 % of ODP (n = 12). The median number of lymph nodes harvested was 16 for LDP versus 14 for ODP. Overall 3-year survival also was similar: LDP = 82 %, ODP = 74 % (p = 0.89).From an oncological perspective, LDP is a viable procedure and its results are comparable to ODP for ductal adenocarcinomas arising in the body and tail of the pancreas.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Rehman S, John SKP, Lochan R, Jaques BC, Manas DM, Charnley RM, French JJ, White SA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: World Journal of Surgery

Year: 2014

Volume: 38

Issue: 2

Pages: 476-483

Print publication date: 01/02/2014

Online publication date: 01/10/2013

ISSN (print): 0364-2313

ISSN (electronic): 1432-2323

Publisher: Springer US


DOI: 10.1007/s00268-013-2268-2


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