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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Marco Carrozzo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
To evaluate the morphological changes of the parotid glands in patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal tumors and the correlations with parotid function.Ten patients with nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal tumors treated with IMRT between May 2009 and January 2010 at Hokkaido University Hospital were included in this study. In the morphological assessment of the parotid glands, the sizes and computed tomography (CT) numbers of the bilateral parotid glands before and after IMRT with CT were calculated. For functional assessment of the parotid glands, we conducted the Saxon test and used a visual analog scale (VAS) for xerostomia evaluation.Reductions in saliva secretion were observed in the patients treated with IMRT for nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal tumors, and there was a significant correlation between the reduction in saliva secretion and the VAS. The reductions in the parotid gland size and CT number were larger on the ipsilateral side than on the contralateral side. The reduction in saliva secretion was not significantly correlated with the reduction in parotid gland size, but was significantly correlated with the reduction in CT number.Morphological and functional changes of the parotid glands were observed after IMRT for nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal tumors, and preservation of the contralateral parotid glands was only partly achieved. Among the morphological changes of the parotid glands, the CT number may be considered a predictor of parotid function after radiotherapy.
Author(s): Obinata K, Nakamura M, Carrozzo M, Macleod I, Carr A, Shirai S, Ito H
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Oral Radiology
Print publication date: 01/05/2014
Online publication date: 25/08/2013
Acceptance date: 30/07/2013
Date deposited: 01/08/2014
ISSN (print): 0911-6028
ISSN (electronic): 1613-9674
Publisher: Springer Japan
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