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Metabolic Syndrome and Fatal Outcomes in the Post-Stroke Event: A 5-Year Cohort Study in Cameroon

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Eugene Sobngwi



Background and Purpose: Determinants of post-acute stroke outcomes in Africa have been less investigated. We assessed the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance with post-stroke mortality in patients with first-ever-in-lifetime stroke in the capital city of Cameroon (sub-Saharan Africa).Methods: Patients with an acute first-stroke event (n = 57) were recruited between May and October 2006, and followed for 5 years for mortality outcome. MetS definition was based on the Joint Interim Statement 2009, insulin sensitivity/resistance assessed via glucose-to-insulin ratio, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index and homeostatic model assessment.Results: Overall, 24 (42%) patients deceased during follow-up. The prevalence of MetS was higher in patients who died after 28 days, 1 year and 5 years from any cause or cardiovascular-related causes (all p <= 0.040). MetS was associated with an increased overall mortality both after 1 year (39% vs. 9%) and 5 years of follow-up (55% vs. 26%, p = 0.022). Similarly, fatal events due to cardiovascular-related conditions were more frequent in the presence of MetS both 1 year (37% vs. 9%) and 5 years after the first-ever-in-lifetime stroke (43% vs. 13%, p = 0.017). Unlike biochemical measures of insulin sensitivity and resistance (non-significant), in age-and sex-adjusted Cox models, MetS was associated with hazard ratio (95% CI) of 2.63 (1.03-6.73) and 3.54 (1.00-12.56) respectively for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality 5 years after stroke onset.Conclusion: The Joint Interim Statement 2009 definition of MetS may aid the identification of a subgroup of black African stroke patients who may benefit from intensification of risk factor management.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Balti EV, Kengne AP, Fokouo JVF, Nouthe BE, Sobngwi E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: PLoS ONE

Year: 2013

Volume: 8

Issue: 4

Online publication date: 02/04/2013

Acceptance date: 21/02/2013

Date deposited: 03/11/2014

ISSN (electronic): 1932-6203

Publisher: Public Library of Science


DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060117


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