Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

The spontaneous fluctuation of the excitability of a single node modulates the internodes connectivity: a TMS-EEG study

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Camillo Porcaro


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Brain effective connectivity can be tracked by cerebral recruitments evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), as measured by simultaneous electroencephalography (TMS-EEG). When TMS is targeting the primary motor area, motor evoked potentials (MEPs) can be collected from the "target" muscles. The aim of this study was to measure whether or not effective brain connectivity changes with the excitability level of the corticospinal motor pathway (CSMP) as parameterized by MEP amplitude. After averaging two subgroups of EEG-evoked responses corresponding to high and low MEP amplitudes, we calculated the individual differences between them and submitted the grand average to sLORETA algorithm obtaining localized regions of interest (RoIs). Statistical differences of RoI recruitment strength between low and high CSMP excitation was assessed in single subjects. Preceding the feedback arrival, neural recruitment for stronger CSMP activation were weaker at 6-10 ms of homotopic sensorimotor areas BA3/4/5 of the right nonstimulated hemisphere (trend), weaker at 18-25 ms of left parietal BA2/3/40, and stronger at 26-32 ms of bilateral frontal motor areas BA6/8. The proposed method enables the tracking of brain network connectivity during stimulation of one node by measuring the strength of the connected recruited node activations. Spontaneous increases of the excitation of the node originating the transmission within the hand control network gave rise to dynamic recruitment patterns with opposite behaviors, weaker in homotopic and parietal circuits, stronger in frontal ones. The effective connectivity within bilateral circuits orchestrating hand control appeared dynamically modulated in time even in resting state as probed by TMS.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Giambattistelli F, Tomasevic L, Pellegrino G, Porcaro C, Melgari JM, Rossini PM, Tecchio F

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Human Brain Mapping

Year: 2014

Volume: 35

Issue: 4

Pages: 1740-1749

Print publication date: 14/05/2013

ISSN (print): 1065-9471

ISSN (electronic): 1097-0193

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


DOI: 10.1002/hbm.22288


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
200859European Community
Cod. GR-2008-1138642Italian Ministry of Health
Cod. 2010/R/38Italian Foundation for Multiple Sclerosis (FISM)