Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Analysis of novel kitasatosporae reveals significant evolutionary changes in conserved developmental genes between Kitasatospora and Streptomyces

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Dennis Claessen, Professor Michael Goodfellow


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Actinomycetes are antibiotic-producing filamentous bacteria that have a mycelial life style. The members of the three genera classified in the family Streptomycetaceae, namely Kitasatospora, Streptacidiphilus and Streptomyces, are difficult to distinguish using phenotypic properties. Here we present biochemical and genetic evidence that helps underpin the case for the continued recognition of the genus Kitasatospora and for the delineation of additional Kitasatospora species. Two novel Kitasatospora strains, isolates MBT63 and MBT66, and their genome sequences are presented. The cell wall of the Kitasatospora strains contain a mixture of meso-and (LL)-diaminopimelic acid (A(2)pm), whereby a single DapF surprisingly suffices to incorporate both components into the Kitasatospora cell wall. The availability of two new Kitasatospora genome sequences in addition to that of the previously sequenced Kitasatospora setae KM-6054(T) allows better phylogenetic comparison between kitasatosporae and streptomycetes. This showed that the developmental regulator BldB and the actin-like protein Mbl are absent from kitasatosporae, while the cell division activator SsgA and its transcriptional activator SsgR have been lost from some Kitasatospora species, strongly suggesting that Kitasatospora have evolved different ways to control specific steps in their development. We also show that the tetracycline-producing strain "Streptomyces viridifaciens" DSM 40239 not only has properties consistent with its classification in the genus Kitasatospora but also merits species status within this taxon.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Girard G, Willemse J, Zhu H, Claessen D, Bukarasam K, Goodfellow M, van Wezel GP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Year: 2014

Volume: 106

Issue: 2

Pages: 365-380

Print publication date: 01/08/2014

Online publication date: 24/06/2014

Acceptance date: 30/05/2014

ISSN (print): 0003-6072

ISSN (electronic): 1572-9699

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/s10482-014-0209-1


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
Emeritus Fellowship from the Leverhulme Trust
Thai Royal, Government
10479Dutch Technology Foundation (STW)