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Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Nick Europe-Finner
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Rationale: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with fibrotic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (TIP; idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia) confers important additional morbidity and mortality:Objectives: To evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of the dual endothelin-1 receptor antagonist bosentan in this patient group.Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 60 patients with fibrotic IIP and right heart catheter confirmed PH were randomized 2:1 to bosentan (n = 40) or placebo (n = 20). The primary study endpoint was a fall from baseline pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRi) of 20% or more over 16 weeks.Measurements and Main Results: Sixty patients (42 men; mean age, 66.6 +/- 9.2 yr), with a mean pulmonary artery pressure of 36.0 (+/- 8.9) mm Hg, PVRi 13.0 (6.7) Wood Units/m2 and reduced cardiac index of 2.21 ( +/- 0.5) Ilmin/m(2) were recruited to the study. Accounting for deaths and withdrawals, paired right heart catheter data were available for analysis in 39 patients (bosentan = 25, placebo = 14). No difference in the primary outcome was detected, with seven (28.0%) patients receiving bosentan, and four (28.6%) receiving placebo achieving a reduction in PVRi of greater than or equal to 20% (P = 0.97) at 16 weeks. There was no change in. functional capacity or symptoms between the two groups at 16 weeks, nor any difference in rates of serious adverse events or deaths (three deaths in each group).Conclusions: This study shows no difference in invasive pulmonary hemodynamics, functional capacity, or symptoms between the bosentan and placebo groups over 16 weeks. Our data do not support the use of the dual endothelin-1 receptor antagonist, bosentan, in patients with PH and fibrotic TIP.
Author(s): Corte TJ, Keir GJ, Dimopoulos K, Howard L, Corris PA, Parfitt L, Foley C, Yanez-Lopez M, Babalis D, Marino P, Maher TM, Renzoni EA, Spencer L, Elliot CA, Birring SS, O'Reilly K, Gatzoulis MA, Wells AU, Wort SJ, BPHIT Study Group
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Print publication date: 15/07/2014
Online publication date: 15/07/2014
ISSN (print): 1073-449X
ISSN (electronic): 1535-4970
Publisher: American Thoracic Society
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