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Universities as anchor institutions in cities in a turbulent funding environment: vulnerable institutions and vulnerable places in England

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor John Goddard OBE, Emeritus Professor Mike Coombes, Professor Louise KemptonORCiD, Dr Paul Vallance



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


The paper examines universities as anchor institutions in the context of a major upheaval in the funding of English higher education. The various components of these changes are combined into a multivariate indicator of institutional vulnerability for universities in England. This is then linked to a classification of university cities to identify the most vulnerable institutions in the most vulnerable places with the greatest dependence on higher education. The paper concludes with a discussion of the need for sensitivity to issues of place in any forthcoming restructuring of English higher education arising from the funding changes.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Goddard J, Coombes M, Kempton L, Vallance P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

Year: 2014

Volume: 7

Issue: 2

Pages: 307-325

Print publication date: 01/07/2014

Online publication date: 16/04/2014

Acceptance date: 04/03/2014

Date deposited: 28/10/2014

ISSN (print): 1752-1378

ISSN (electronic): 1752-1386

Publisher: Oxford University Press


DOI: 10.1093/cjres/rsu004


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