Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Leaf anatomical traits which accommodate the facultative engagement of crassulacean acid metabolism in tropical trees of the genus Clusia

Lookup NU author(s): Emerita Professor Anne Borland


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Succulence and leaf thickness are important anatomical traits in CAM plants, resulting from the presence of large vacuoles to store organic acids accumulated overnight. A higher degree of succulence can result in a reduction in intercellular air space which constrains internal conductance to CO2. Thus, succulence presents a trade-off between the optimal anatomy for CAM and the internal structure ideal for direct C-3 photosynthesis. This study examined how plasticity for the reversible engagement of CAM in the genus Clusia could be accommodated by leaf anatomical traits that could facilitate high nocturnal PEPC activity without compromising the direct day-time uptake of CO2 via Rubisco. Nine species of Clusia ranging from constitutive C-3 through C-3/CAM intermediates to constitutive CAM were compared in terms of leaf gas exchange, succulence, specific leaf area, and a range of leaf anatomical traits (% intercellular air space (IAS), length of mesophyll surface exposed to IAS per unit area, cell size, stomatal density/size). Relative abundances of PEPC and Rubisco proteins in different leaf tissues of a C-3 and a CAM-performing species of Clusia were determined using immunogold labelling. The results indicate that the relatively well-aerated spongy mesophyll of Clusia helps to optimize direct C-3-mediated CO2 fixation, whilst enlarged palisade cells accommodate the potential for C-4 carboxylation and nocturnal storage of organic acids. The findings provide insight on the optimal leaf anatomy that could accommodate the bioengineering of inducible CAM into C-3 crops as a means of improving water use efficiency without incurring detrimental consequences for direct C-3-mediated photosynthesis.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zambrano VAB, Lawson T, Olmos E, Fernandez-Garcia N, Borland AM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Experimental Botany

Year: 2014

Volume: 65

Issue: 13

Pages: 3513-3523

Print publication date: 13/07/2014

Online publication date: 07/02/2014

Acceptance date: 19/12/2013

ISSN (print): 0022-0957

ISSN (electronic): 1460-2431

Publisher: Oxford University Press


DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru022


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric