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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Adam Harvey
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).
As a result of the global fuel crisis of the early 1970s. coupled with concerns for the environment, the use of biofuel has been on the increase in many regions throughout the world. At present, a total of approximately 30 billion (30 x 10(9)) liters of biofuel are utilized worldwide annually, although most countries rely hugely on the first generation biofuel. The limitations of the first and second generation biofuel gave rise to current interest in algae as a promising alternative to these conventional biofuel sources. Algal biomass could provide a lion's share of the global transport fuel requirements in future. The present review highlights some important developments in, and potentials of algaculture as a major biomass resource of the future. However, the major constraint to commercial-scale algae farming for energy production is the cost factor, which must he addressed adequately before its potentials can be harnessed. (C) 2014 Chinese Materials Research Society. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Ullah K, Ahmad M, Sofia, Sharma VK, Lu PM, Harvey A, Zafar M, Sultana S, Anyanwu CN
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Progress in Natural Science: Materials International
Print publication date: 01/08/2014
Online publication date: 19/08/2014
Acceptance date: 10/05/2014
Date deposited: 15/10/2014
ISSN (print): 1002-0071
ISSN (electronic): 1745-5391
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