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Algal biomass as a global source of transport fuels: Overview and development perspectives

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Adam Harvey



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


As a result of the global fuel crisis of the early 1970s. coupled with concerns for the environment, the use of biofuel has been on the increase in many regions throughout the world. At present, a total of approximately 30 billion (30 x 10(9)) liters of biofuel are utilized worldwide annually, although most countries rely hugely on the first generation biofuel. The limitations of the first and second generation biofuel gave rise to current interest in algae as a promising alternative to these conventional biofuel sources. Algal biomass could provide a lion's share of the global transport fuel requirements in future. The present review highlights some important developments in, and potentials of algaculture as a major biomass resource of the future. However, the major constraint to commercial-scale algae farming for energy production is the cost factor, which must he addressed adequately before its potentials can be harnessed. (C) 2014 Chinese Materials Research Society. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ullah K, Ahmad M, Sofia, Sharma VK, Lu PM, Harvey A, Zafar M, Sultana S, Anyanwu CN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Progress in Natural Science: Materials International

Year: 2014

Volume: 24

Issue: 4

Pages: 329-339

Print publication date: 01/08/2014

Online publication date: 19/08/2014

Acceptance date: 10/05/2014

Date deposited: 15/10/2014

ISSN (print): 1002-0071

ISSN (electronic): 1745-5391

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.pnsc.2014.06.008


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Funder referenceFunder name
Research Center Triasia, Rotendella under TRIL fellowship program via International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy
106-1734-BM6-146 (50016477)Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan