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Prediction of gestational diabetes in obese pregnant women from the UK Pregnancies Better Eating and Activity (UPBEAT) pilot trial

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Steve RobsonORCiD


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Aim To examine the prediction of gestational diabetes in obese women using routine clinical measures and measurement of biomarkers related to insulin resistance in the early second trimester.Methods A total of 117 obese pregnant women participating in a pilot trial of a complex intervention of dietary advice and physical activity were studied. Blood samples were obtained at recruitment (15(+0)-17(+6) weeks' gestation) and demographic, clinical history and anthropometric measures recorded. The biomarkers analysed were plasma lipids (HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, ferritin, fructosamine, insulin, adiponectin, tissue plasminogen activator, interleukin-6, visfatin and leptin. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to determine independent predictors and area under the receiver-operating curve was calculated for the model.Results Of the 106 participants included in the analysis, 29 (27.4%) developed gestational diabetes. Participants with gestational diabetes were older (P = 0.002), more often of parity >= 2, had higher systolic (P = 0.02) and diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.02) and were more likely to be black (P = 0.009). Amongst the blood biomarkers measured, plasma adiponectin alone remained independently associated with gestational diabetes in adjusted models (P = 0.002). The area under the receiver-operating curve for clinical factors alone (0.760) increased significantly (area under the curve 0.834, chi-square statistic (1) = 4.00, P = 0.046) with the addition of adiponectin.Conclusions A combination of routinely measured clinical factors and adiponectin measured in the early second trimester in obese women may provide a useful approach to the prediction of gestational diabetes. Validation in a large prospective study is required to determine the usefulness of this algorithm in clinical practice. (Clinical Trial Registry No: ISRCTN89971375)

Publication metadata

Author(s): Maitland RA, Seed PT, Briley AL, Homsy M, Thomas S, Pasupathy D, Robson SC, Nelson SM, Sattar N, Poston L, UPBEAT Trial Consortium

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Diabetes Medicine

Year: 2014

Volume: 31

Issue: 8

Pages: 963-970

Print publication date: 01/08/2014

Online publication date: 24/05/2014

Acceptance date: 08/04/2014

ISSN (print): 0742-3071

ISSN (electronic): 1464-5491

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1111/dme.12482


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Funder referenceFunder name
UK Chief Scientist Office
Scottish Government Health Directorates, Edinburgh, UK
1060508Tommy's Charity, UK
251983Guy's and St. Thomas' Charity
RP-0407-10452National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)