Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Non-negative depth reconstruction for a two-dimensional partial inertial inundation model

Lookup NU author(s): Hongbin Zhang, Yueling Wang, Professor Qiuhua Liang, Dr Luke Smith, Professor Chris Kilsby


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


This paper proposes a non-negative depth reconstruction method for improving the numerical performance of a partial inertial model (PIM) for applications involving steep-slope and low-friction conditions. The PIM solves the continuity equation of two-dimensional (2D) shallow water equations (SWEs) with the interface fluxes evaluated by a simplified momentum equation that partially restores the inertial terms. In applying the PIM to flood simulations, a practical challenge is to represent complex topography and to track the moving wet-dry interface without resulting in negative water depths. Another challenge is to avoid the numerical issue caused by the lack of physical diffusive terms when it is applied to low-friction cases. To cope with these difficulties, the PIM is improved by introducing a non-negative depth reconstruction method, featuring two different ways for calculating the interface fluxes. The performance of the improved PIMs is investigated through applications to several theoretical and practical benchmark test cases. The comparison of the numerical results against analytical solutions or predictions from the original PIM and a full 2D finite-volume hydrodynamic model shows that the proposed reconstruction method can avoid non-negative water depth predictions, and improve the numerical performance of the original PIM when applied to steep-slope and low-friction conditions.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zhang HB, Wang YL, Liang QH, Smith LS, Kilsby CG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Hydroinformatics

Year: 2014

Volume: 16

Issue: 5

Pages: 1158-1177

Print publication date: 01/01/2014

ISSN (print): 1464-7141

ISSN (electronic): 1465-1734

Publisher: IWA Publishing


DOI: 10.2166/hydro.2014.131


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
Chinese Scholarship Council
School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences at Newcastle University
WL2011002Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences