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Interlayer vacancy diffusion and coalescence in graphite

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mark Rayson, Professor Patrick Briddon


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Due to the layered nature of graphite, the migration and interaction of point defects in the graphite crystal structure are highly anisotropic, and it is usually assumed that individual mobile lattice vacancies are confined to diffuse on a single plane. We present the results of ab initio calculations based on density functional theory which demonstrate that vacancies can, in fact, move between adjacent planes when they interact with one another via relatively low energy pathways, often with barriers of less than 1 eV. These interlayer transition mechanisms can significantly alter both the kinetics of point-defect aggregation and coalescence and also the resultant morphologies of multivacancy complexes that form as a result of migrating vacancies interacting.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Trevethan T, Latham CD, Heggie MI, Rayson MJ, Briddon PR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Physical Review B

Year: 2014

Volume: 90

Issue: 17

Print publication date: 01/11/2014

Online publication date: 13/11/2014

Acceptance date: 01/09/2014

ISSN (print): 1098-0121

ISSN (electronic): 1550-235X

Publisher: American Physical Society


DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.174108


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Funder referenceFunder name
EDF Energy Nuclear Generation
2012-3174Swedish Research Council
101437UK Technology Strategy Board
EP/1003312/1UK EPSRC