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Environmental Governance and Land Use Policy in Tension? Applying Environmental Impact Assessment to Intensive Agriculture

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Christopher Rodgers



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


European environmental law is increasingly exerting a strong influence on both the shape, and the extent and range, of land use controls applied to agriculture. The principal agent for this shift in the regulatory framework has been the introduction of environmental impact assessment (“EIA”) in 1985. Agriculture has in the United Kingdom (UK) been largely free from planning controls and other regulatory requirements, due in large part to the exemption of agricultural land use from the planning regime by the Town and Country Planning Act 1947 and its successors. The architecture of the post-war planning settlement remains largely intact. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that the introduction of EIA, a key instrument of European Union environmental law, is now driving an extension of regulatory control over land use with major implications for agriculture. This chapter explores the means by which this extension of regulatory control is being effected, and its implications for farm policy. Conflicts between environmental policy and farm policy are highlighted, as is the need for greater integration of EU policy towards agriculture an the environment. [1] By Council Directive 85/337/EEC on the assessment of certain privte and public projects on the environment, [1985] OJ L175/40.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Rodgers C

Editor(s): Cardwell, M; McMahon, J

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Research Handbook on EU Agriculture Law

Year: 2015

Volume: Research Handbook Series

Pages: 20

Print publication date: 01/11/2015

Acceptance date: 17/06/2014

Series Title: Elgar Research Handbook Series

Publisher: Edward Elgar

Place Published: London, UK


Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9781781954614