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Management of patients with Graves' orbitopathy: initial assessment, management outside specialised centres and referral pathways

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Petros Perros, Dr Alison Dickinson, Dr Bijayeswar Vaidya


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Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is uncommon, but responsible for considerable morbidity. A coordinated approach between healthcare professionals is required in order to meet the needs of patients. Early diagnosis can be achieved by a simple clinical assessment. Low-cost effective interventions can be initiated by generalists, which may improve outcomes. Moderate-to-severe GO should be referred to specialised centres. Recommendations for clinical diagnosis, initial management and referral pathways are highlighted.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Perros P, Dayan CM, Dickinson AJ, Ezra D, Estcourt S, Foley P, Hickey J, Lazarus JH, MacEwen CJ, McLaren J, Rose GE, Uddin J, Vaidya B

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical Medicine

Year: 2015

Volume: 15

Issue: 2

Pages: 173-178

Print publication date: 01/04/2015

ISSN (print): 1470-2118

ISSN (electronic): 1473-4893

Publisher: Royal College of Physicians


DOI: 10.7861/clinmedicine.15-2-173


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