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Visualizing Pure Quantum Turbulence in Superfluid 3He: Andreev Reflection and its Spectral Properties

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Andrew BaggaleyORCiD, Professor Carlo Barenghi, Emeritus Professor Yuri Sergeev, Dr Nugzar Suramlishvili



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Superfluid 3He-B in the zero-temperature limit offers a unique means of studying quantum turbulence bythe Andreev reflection of quasiparticle excitations by the vortex flow fields. We validate the experimentalvisualization of turbulence in 3He-B by showing the relation between the vortex-line density and theAndreev reflectance of the vortex tangle in the first simulations of the Andreev reflectance by a realistic 3Dvortex tangle, and comparing the results with the first experimental measurements able to probe quantumturbulence on length scales smaller than the intervortex separation.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Baggaley AW, Tsepelin V, Barenghi CF, Fisher SN, Pickett GR, Sergeev YA, Suramlishvili N

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Physical Review Letters

Year: 2015

Volume: 115

Issue: 1

Print publication date: 02/07/2015

Online publication date: 02/07/2015

Acceptance date: 25/05/2015

Date deposited: 16/07/2015

ISSN (print): 0031-9007

ISSN (electronic): 1079-7114

Publisher: American Physical Society


DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.015302


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Funder referenceFunder name
EP/I028285/1UK EPSRC
F/00 125/ADLeverhulme Trust
F/00 125/AHLeverhulme Trust
FP7-228464EU FP7 network MICROKELVIN