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Discovery of a Potent and Selective EGFR Inhibitor (AZD9291) of Both Sensitizing and T790M Resistance Mutations That Spares the Wild Type Form of the Receptor

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Mike Waring


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Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors have been used clinically in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring sensitizing (or activating) mutations for a number of years. Despite encouraging clinical efficacy with these agents, in many patients resistance develops leading to disease progression. In most cases, this resistance is in the form of the T790M mutation. In addition, EGFR wild type receptor inhibition inherent with these agents can lead to dose limiting toxicities of rash and diarrhea. We describe herein the evolution of an early, mutant selective lead to the clinical candidate AZD9291, an irreversible inhibitor of both EGFR sensitizing (EGFRm+) and T790M resistance mutations with selectivity over the wild type form of the receptor. Following observations of significant tumor inhibition in preclinical models, the clinical candidate was administered clinically to patients with T790M positive EGFR-TKI resistant NSCLC and early efficacy has been observed, accompanied by an encouraging safety profile.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Finlay MRV, Anderton M, Ashton S, Ballard P, Bethel PA, Box MR, Bradbury RH, Brown SJ, Butterworth S, Campbell A, Chorley C, Colclough N, Cross DAE, Currie GS, Grist M, Hassall L, Hill GB, James D, James M, Kemmitt P, Klinowska T, Lamont G, Lamont SG, Martin N, McFarland HL, Mellor MJ, Orme JP, Perkins D, Perkins P, Richmond G, Smith P, Ward RA, Waring MJ, Whittaker D, Wells S, Wrigley GL

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

Year: 2014

Volume: 57

Issue: 20

Pages: 8249-8267

Print publication date: 23/10/2014

Online publication date: 01/10/2014

Acceptance date: 01/01/1900

ISSN (print): 0022-2623

ISSN (electronic): 1520-4804

Publisher: American Chemical Society


DOI: 10.1021/jm500973a


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