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Anticoagulation in Haemodialysis in Children: A Thirty-Period Crossover Trial

Lookup NU author(s): Professor John MatthewsORCiD


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. Patients undergoing haemodialysis for kidney failure are fitted with an in-dwelling catheter so that the patient’s circulation can readily be connected to the haemodialyser on each visit to hospital. Between the dialysis sessions there is a tendency for the blood within the catheter to form clots and these must be removed before dialysis can proceed. To avoid clotting a quantity of an anti-coagulant, heparin, is instilled into the line at the end of each dialysis session. This study describes a trial where heparin is compared with an alternative, alteplase, in children undergoing haemodialysis. Very few children receive haemodialysis but because those who do must attend regularly, the trial used a crossover design. While crossover designs are widely used they seldom have more than five or six periods. This article describes how a crossover trial with 30 periods was specially designed for this trial.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Matthews JNS

Editor(s): Aston, PJ; Mulholland, AJ; Tant, KMM

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: UK Success Stories in Industrial Mathematics

Year: 2016

Pages: 243-249

Print publication date: 22/02/2016

Online publication date: 05/02/2016

Acceptance date: 01/06/2015

Edition: 1

Publisher: Springer

Place Published: Cham


DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-25454-8

Notes: Online ISBN: 9783319254548

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9783319254524