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Development of multi-functional streetscape green infrastructure using a performance index approach

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Oliver Heidrich, Dr Anil Namdeo



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


This paper presents a performance evaluation framework for streetscape vegetation. A performance index (PI) is conceived using the following seven traits, specific to the street environments – Pollution Flux Potential (PFP), Carbon Sequestration Potential (CSP), Thermal Comfort Potential (TCP), Noise Attenuation Potential (NAP), Biomass Energy Potential (BEP), Environmental Stress Tolerance (EST) and Crown Projection Factor (CPF). Its application is demonstrated through a case study using fifteen street vegetation species from the UK, utilising a combination of direct field measurements and inventoried literature data. Our results indicate greater preference to small-to-medium size trees and evergreen shrubs over larger trees for streetscaping. The proposed PI approach can be potentially applied two-fold: one, for evaluation of the performance of the existing street vegetation, facilitating the prospects for further improving them through management strategies and better species selection; two, for planning new streetscapes and multi-functional biomass as part of extending the green urban infrastructure.Green infrastructure; Multi-functional; Pollution; Performance index; Streetscape

Publication metadata

Author(s): Tiwary A, Williams ID, Heidrich O, Namdeo A, Bandaru V, Calfapietra C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Pollution

Year: 2016

Volume: 208

Issue: Part A

Pages: 209-220

Print publication date: 01/01/2016

Online publication date: 26/09/2015

Acceptance date: 03/09/2015

Date deposited: 04/05/2016

ISSN (print): 0269-7491

ISSN (electronic): 1873-6424

Publisher: Pergamon Press


DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.09.003


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Funder referenceFunder name
EU-FP7 RAMSES: Reconciling Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development for Cities projects
275861Marie Curie Fellowship within the 7th European Community Framework Programme (FP7)
EP/K012398/1UK-EPSRC iBUILD: Infrastructure Business models, valuation and Innovation for Local Delivery