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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Simi Ali
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We have engineered GPCR (G protein-coupled receptor) knock-out and high GAG-binding affinity into CXCL12 alpha to inhibit CXCL12 alpha-induced cell migration. Compared to wtCXCL12, the mutant CXCL12 alpha (Delta 8 L29K V39K) exhibited a 5.6-fold and a 2.2-fold affinity increase for heparin and heparan sulfate, respectively. From NaCl-based heparin displacement chromatography we concluded that more amino acid replacements would lead to altered GAG (glycosaminoglycan) ligand specificity. GAG silencing by this mutant was shown in a murine seeding model of human cancer cells, whereby a greatly reduced number of liver metastases was detected when the animals were treated intravenously with 1 mg/kg CXCL12 alpha (Delta 8 L29K V39K) before cancer cell application. (C) 2015 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Gschwandtner M, Trinker MU, Hecher B, Adage T, Ali S, Kungl AJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: FEBS Letters
Print publication date: 14/09/2015
Online publication date: 20/08/2015
Acceptance date: 28/07/2015
ISSN (print): 0014-5793
ISSN (electronic): 1873-3468
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