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Health trajectories reveal the dynamic contributions of host genetic resistance and tolerance to infection outcome

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Ilias Kyriazakis



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Resistance and tolerance are two alternative strategies hosts can adopt to survive infections. Both strategies may be genetically controlled. To date, the relative contribution of resistance and tolerance to infection outcome is poorly understood. Here, we use a bioluminescent Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) infection challenge model to study the genetic determination and dynamic contributions of host resistance and tolerance to listeriosis in four genetically diverse mouse strains. Using conventional statistical analyses, we detect significant genetic variation in both resistance and tolerance, but cannot capture the time-dependent relative importance of either host strategy. We overcome these limitations through the development of novel statistical tools to analyse individual infection trajectories portraying simultaneous changes in infection severity and health. Based on these tools, early expression of resistance followed by expression of tolerance emerge as important hallmarks for surviving Lm infections. Our trajectory analysis further reveals that survivors and non-survivors follow distinct infection paths (which are also genetically determined) and provides new survival thresholds as objective endpoints in infection experiments. Future studies may use trajectories as novel traits for mapping and identifying genes that control infection dynamics and outcome. A MATLAB script for user-friendly trajectory analysis is provided.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Lough G, Kyriazakis I, Bergmann S, Lengeling A, Doeschl-Wilson AB

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Year: 2015

Volume: 282

Print publication date: 18/11/2015

Online publication date: 18/11/2015

Acceptance date: 20/10/2015

Date deposited: 18/11/2015

ISSN (print): 0962-8452

ISSN (electronic): 1471-2954

Publisher: The Royal Society Publishing


DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2151


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