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EUS and EUS-FNA diagnosis of suspected pancreatic cystic neoplasms: Is the sum of the parts greater than the CEA?

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Kofi Oppong, Richard Charnley, Dr Viney Wadehra, Steven White

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Abstract

Background: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is suggested as the single most useful EUS/EUS-FNA derived test for the diagnosis of mucinous pancreatic cysts.Study aims: To investigate the yield and diagnostic performance of EUS/EUS-FNA on an intention to diagnose basis and to determine the utility of the recommended CEA and amylase cut-off values.Patients and methods: A retrospective study of a prospectively maintained database of 433 procedures performed in a 10 year period. Diagnostic performance of EUS-FNA was determined in 133 procedures with a definite diagnosis.Results: CEA value was determined in significantly fewer procedures (58.6%) than EUS diagnosis was stated (83.4%; p < 0.0001), cyst fluid appearance recorded (89.4%) or adequate sample for cytology obtained (76.7%; p < 0.005). Median CEA was significantly higher in mucinous cysts than non-mucinous (175 ng/ml vs 3 ng/ml, p < 0.0001) and in malignant cysts compared to benign (8945 ng/ml vs 93 ng/ml, p < 0.001). On an intention-to-diagnose analysis, a CEA cut-off of 110 ng/ml was significantly less accurate (42.8%) than BUS diagnosis (67.7%), cytology (58.6%) or aspirate appearance (66.9%; p < 0.05 for all comparisons). However, the combination of EUS diagnosis, cytology and CEA provided higher sensitivity (91%), specificity (75%) and accuracy (85.7%) than each component test alone (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). Median amylase was significantly higher in benign compared to high-risk mucinous cysts ((11,429 IU/L vs. 113 IU/L; p < 0.05.Conclusion: The combination of EUS, cytology and CEA performed well. Malignant cysts had a higher CEA value than benign cysts. On an intention to diagnose basis a CEA cut-off of 110 ng/ml performed poorly. Copyright (C) 2015, IAP and EPC. Published by Elsevier India, a division of Reed Elsevier India Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Oppong KW, Dawwas MF, Charnley RM, Wadehra V, Elamin K, White S, Nayar M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Pancreatology

Year: 2015

Volume: 15

Issue: 5

Pages: 531-537

Print publication date: 01/09/2015

Online publication date: 21/08/2015

ISSN (print): 1424-3903

ISSN (electronic): 1424-3911

Publisher: Karger

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2015.08.001

DOI: 10.1016/j.pan.2015.08.001


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