Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

3D sound and 3D image interactions: a review of audio-visual depth perception

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Nick HollimanORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of a conference proceedings (inc. abstract) that has been published in its final definitive form by SPIE, 2014.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


The design and application of 3D stereoscopic displays and images have been subject to much research over several years. 3D (or spatial) sound systems became widely available comparatively recently, so have not been studied to the same extent. Both 3D displays and sound systems markedly improve depth perception by conveying extra depth cues to the audience. There is currently considerable interest in the integration of 3D video and 3D audio, suggesting it is timely to review depth perception for 3D audio-visual display systems. When the brain combines conflicting auditory and visual cues, some interesting effects can be found in the final percept that may be of interest to display and content designers. We begin with an overview of both visual and auditory depth perception, before focusing upon the cross-modal effects applicable in audio-visual depth perception.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Berry J, Roberts D, Holliman NS

Editor(s): Bernice E. Rogowitz, Thrasyvoulos N. Pappas, Huib de Ridder

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XIX

Year of Conference: 2014

Pages: 901409

Online publication date: 25/02/2014

Acceptance date: 01/01/1900

Date deposited: 16/12/2015

Publisher: SPIE


DOI: 10.1117/12.2047771

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9780819499318