Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Dr Dina Tiniakos,
Dr John Brain,
Dr Yvonne BuryORCiD
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
The diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is based on a combination of biochemical, immunological and histological features and exclusion of other causes of liver disease. Typical histological features include a chronic hepatitis pattern of injury with portal inflammation and interface activity, predominance of plasma cells in the portal infiltrate, emperipolesis, and hepatocellular rosette formation. Centrilobular injury with prominent hepatocellular necrosis and mononuclear inflammation is now recognised in the histological spectrum of AIH and may represent an early stage of the disease. Liver histology plays a major role in clinical diagnostic scoring systems and is important to confirm or support the clinical diagnosis of AIH. This review will focus on the role of histopathology in AIH and will highlight the contribution of histological interpretation to the diagnosis of AIH, differential diagnosis from other entities, recognition of concurrent liver disease, and identification of so called ‘overlap” or variant syndromes, and will address the importance of liver biopsy in the management and prognosis of patients with AIH.
Author(s): Tiniakos DG, Brain JG, Bury YA
Publication type: Review
Publication status: Published
Journal: Digestive Diseases
Issue: Suppl. 2
Online publication date: 07/12/2015
Acceptance date: 01/09/2015
ISSN (print): 0257-2753
ISSN (electronic): 1421-9875