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British Landscape Architecture: History and Education

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Maggie RoeORCiD


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The profession of Landscape Architecture emerged from a long tradition in Britain of designing, managing and cultivating the landscape. The understanding of the landscape is manifest in its manipulation, as seen particularly in the farms of the wealthy and in gardens over many, many years. One could argue therefore that the wisdom and skills of landscape architecture are deeply embedded within the British psyche even though the history of the landscape profession in Britain is not a long one in relation to many other professions. Generally, these traditions relate to landscape that was privately owned. However, in the 1930s new ideas developed which were to do with public external spaces rather than private gardens or estates. The ideas were based on a concern for ‘landscape without boundaries’ (Moggridge, 1998). They had far-reaching effects on the design and layout of all types of landscapes including city open or green spaces, forestry design, housing design, countryside access, business and industrial landscapes, road landscapes, playgrounds etc. The Profession of Landscape Architecture in Britain emerged as a discipline that embraced all these concerns and therefore covered much more than private garden design. This chapter aims to provide a concise review of the history and development of the profession in Britain and the influence it has had on the education of landscape architects. The present educational situation is discussed in light of contemporary thinking in British landscape practice and in light of a growing demand by international students to obtain British qualifications in landscape architecture.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Roe M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Urban Space Design

Year: 2007

Volume: 20

Issue: 05

Pages: 109-117

ISSN (print): 1672-9080

Publisher: Zhongguo Jianzhu Wenhua Zhongxin

Notes: In Chinese and English