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Prostaglandin E2 induces the final maturation of IL-12-deficient CD1a+CD83+ dendritic cells: the levels of IL-12 are determined during the final dendritic cell maturation and are resistant to further modulation

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Catharien Hilkens


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Activation of immature dendritic cells (DC) in peripheral tissues induces their migration to lymph nodes and their maturation into CD83+ DC, which are able to prime naive T cells. The inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta and TNF-alpha induce mature DC, which can secrete IL-12 and promote the development of Th0/Th1-biased cells. DC maturation factors with a Th2-promoting function have not been described. Here we show that PGE2, although it does not induce final DC maturation by itself, synergizes with IL-1beta and TNF-alpha, and allows their effectiveness at 100-fold lower concentrations. While being phenotypically identical with the DC matured in the presence of high concentrations of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha alone, DC matured in the additional presence of PGE2 show impaired IL-12 production and bias naive Th cell development toward the Th2. The ability of DC to produce IL-12 is also suppressed by IL-10, which in contrast to PGE2, inhibits their maturation. The differences in the ability to produce IL-12, established during the final DC maturation, are stable after the removal of modulatory factors. Importantly, fully mature DC become unsusceptible to PGE2 and IL-10. This indicates that the levels of IL-12 production in vivo, in mature DC interacting with Th cells within the lymph nodes, are mainly predetermined at the stage of immature DC in peripheral tissues. These data imply that the character of pathogen-induced local inflammatory reaction can "instruct" local DC to initiate Th1 or Th2-biased responses.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kalinski P, Schuitemaker JH, Hilkens CM, Kapsenberg ML

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Immunology

Year: 1998

Volume: 161

Issue: 6

Pages: 2804-2809

Print publication date: 15/09/1998

ISSN (print): 0022-1767

ISSN (electronic): 1550-6606

Publisher: American Association of Immunologists