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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Catharien Hilkens
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The capacity of APC to stimulate the proliferation of human peripheral blood T cells decreases upon ultraviolet-B (UVB) irradiation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether all T cell subsets are equally sensitive to this reduced APC function. Established human Th1, Th2, and Th0 clones were stimulated with monocytes in a soluble CD3 mAb-mediated assay that is dependent on the presence of APC. Monocytes were exposed to low nonlethal doses of UVB radiation before coculture with T cells. UVB irradiation inhibited the capacity of monocytes to stimulate the proliferation and IFN-gamma production of Th1 cells in a dose-related fashion. In contrast, UVB-treated monocytes induced normal proliferation and IL-4 production in Th2 cells. Stimulation of Th0 cell proliferation by UVB-irradiated monocytes was normal, but a preferential suppression of IFN-gamma production was observed, thus leading to a more Th2-like cytokine response. The loss of Th1 proliferation upon stimulation with UVB-irradiated monocytes could be overcome by rIL-2; however, IFN-gamma production remained suppressed. IFN-gamma production could be completely restored by rIL-12, whereas the addition of IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, or indomethacin had no such effect, nor did the addition of mAb to CD28, added to compensate for the reduced B7 expression of UVB-irradiated monocytes. Monocytes exposed to UVB radiation exhibited reduced expression of mRNA for the IL-1 2 subunits p35 and p40 and suppressed production of the IL-12 p70 protein. Our results thus indicate that UVB irradiation of APC selectively impairs Th1-like responses, a phenomenon caused by the UVB-induced suppression of monocyte IL-12 production.
Author(s): Kremer IB, Hilkens CM, Sylva-Steenland RM, Koomen CW, Kapsenberg ML, Bos JD, Teunissen MB
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Immunology
Print publication date: 01/09/1996
ISSN (print): 0022-1767
ISSN (electronic): 1550-6606
Publisher: American Association of Immunologists