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Lateral heat conduction based eddy current thermography for detection of parallel cracks and rail tread oblique cracks

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Gui Yun TianORCiD


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Rail tread oblique crack, initiated by rolling contact fatigue (RCF) damage, is one of the most significant phenomena and has serious influence on rail industry. Electromagnetic non-destructive testing (EM NDT) methods are usually used in rail regular inspection. However, the conventional EM NDT methods based on eddy current field distribution are difficult to detect the cracks parallel to the inductive coil (parallel cracks) and natural oblique cracks. This paper studied lateral heat conduction (LHC) induced by eddy current for detection of these defects. The proposed method was verified through both numerical and experimental studies as well as the investigation of characteristic of LHC. Due to significant temperature gradient in the direction of lateral heat conduction, the spatial derivative and gradient were proposed to improve the defect detectability on the thermograms. Finally, the test of natural oblique cracks on a rail was conducted to validate the proposed methods.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Yang R, He Y, Gao B, Tian GY, Peng J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Measurement

Year: 2015

Volume: 66

Pages: 54-61

Print publication date: 01/04/2015

Online publication date: 07/02/2015

Acceptance date: 28/01/2015

ISSN (print): 0263-2241

ISSN (electronic): 1873-412X

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2015.01.024


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