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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Gui Yun TianORCiD
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Rail tread oblique crack, initiated by rolling contact fatigue (RCF) damage, is one of the most significant phenomena and has serious influence on rail industry. Electromagnetic non-destructive testing (EM NDT) methods are usually used in rail regular inspection. However, the conventional EM NDT methods based on eddy current field distribution are difficult to detect the cracks parallel to the inductive coil (parallel cracks) and natural oblique cracks. This paper studied lateral heat conduction (LHC) induced by eddy current for detection of these defects. The proposed method was verified through both numerical and experimental studies as well as the investigation of characteristic of LHC. Due to significant temperature gradient in the direction of lateral heat conduction, the spatial derivative and gradient were proposed to improve the defect detectability on the thermograms. Finally, the test of natural oblique cracks on a rail was conducted to validate the proposed methods.
Author(s): Yang R, He Y, Gao B, Tian GY, Peng J
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Print publication date: 01/04/2015
Online publication date: 07/02/2015
Acceptance date: 28/01/2015
ISSN (print): 0263-2241
ISSN (electronic): 1873-412X
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