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OHIP-TMDs: a patient-reported outcome measure for temporomandibular disorders

Lookup NU author(s): Pamela Yule, Professor Justin DurhamORCiD, Dr Adel Moufti, Emeritus Professor Jimmy Steele CBE, Dr Ian Steen, Dr Robert Wassell



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


ObjectivesThis research aims to assess the test-retest reliability, the face, content and known groups validity, and responsiveness to change, of OHIP-TMDs, a 22-item TMDs-specific version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP).MethodsTest-retest reliability - A group of patients with TMDs (n=20) was administered OHIP-TMDs twice before initial consultation with a 2-week interval. Face and content validity - Content validity index assessments were undertaken with professionals and patients. Known groups validity - Participants (n=76) with confirmed Axis 1 RDC/TMD diagnoses completed OHIP-TMDs prior to TMDs treatment. Their responses were compared, using inferential statistics, with those of age- and gender-matched controls. Responsiveness to change - Using the same 76 participants, a comparison was made of OHIP-TMDs with OHIP-49 (order of administration randomized) both at baseline and 3months after starting treatment.ResultsOHIP-TMDs showed good test-retest reliability ICC [2,1] 0.805 (95% CI: 0.565, 0.918); good face and content validity; significant differences (P<0.001) between controls and participants demonstrating known groups validity. Its responsiveness to change was similar to OHIP-49.ConclusionsOHIP-TMDs is an appropriate biopsychosocial, patient-centred, outcome measure for assessing QOL in patients with TMDs. It is less than half the length of OHIP-49 and contains proportionately more items relevant to TMDs.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Yule PL, Durham J, Playford H, Moufti MA, Steele J, Steen N, Wassell RW, Ohrbach R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

Year: 2015

Volume: 43

Issue: 5

Pages: 461-470

Print publication date: 01/10/2015

Online publication date: 04/06/2015

Acceptance date: 27/04/2015

Date deposited: 05/04/2016

ISSN (print): 0301-5661

ISSN (electronic): 1600-0528

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12171


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