Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Dr Juliet Hale
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
BACKGROUNDThere is a debate regarding the management of ovarian immature teratomas (ITs). In adult women, postoperative chemotherapy is standard except for stage I, grade 1 disease, whereas surgery alone is standard in pediatric patients. To determine the role of chemotherapy, a pooled analysis of pediatric and adult clinical trials was conducted.METHODSData from 7 pediatric trials and 2 adult trials were merged in the Malignant Germ Cell International Collaborative data set. Four trials included patients with newly diagnosed pure ovarian ITs and were selected (Pediatric Oncology Group/Children's Cancer Group Intergroup Study (INT 0106), Second UKCCSG Germ Cell Tumor Study (GC2), Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG 0078 and GOG 0090). Adult and pediatric trials were analyzed separately. The primary outcome measures were event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS).RESULTSOne hundred seventy-nine patients were included (98 pediatric patients and 81 adult patients). Ninety pediatric patients were treated with surgery alone, whereas all adult patients received chemotherapy. The 5-year EFS and OS were 91% and 99%, respectively, for the pediatric cohort and 87% and 93%, respectively, for the adults. There were no relapses in grade 1 patients, regardless of the stage or age. Only 1 adult patient with a grade 2 IT relapsed. Among grade 3 patients, the 5-year EFS was 0.92 (0.72-0.98) for stage I/II and 0.52 (0.22-0.75) for stage III in the pediatric cohort (P = .005) and 0.91 (0.69-0.98) for stage I/II and 0.65 (0.39-0.83) for stage III/IV in the adult cohort (P = .01). Postoperative chemotherapy did not decrease relapses in the pediatric cohort.CONCLUSIONSThe grade was the most important risk factor for relapse in ovarian ITs. Among grade 3 patients, the stage was significantly associated with relapse. Adjuvant chemotherapy did not decrease relapses in the pediatric cohort; its role in adults remains unresolved. Cancer 2016;122:230-237. (c) 2015 American Cancer Society.Grade is the most important risk factor for relapse in ovarian immature teratomas, and no relapses have been found in patients with grade 1 tumors, regardless of the stage or age. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy does not decrease the risk of relapse in pediatric patients, but its role in adults remains unclear.
Author(s): Pashankar F, Hale JP, Dang H, Krailo M, Brady WE, Rodriguez-Galindo C, Nicholson JC, Murray MJ, Bilmire DF, Stoneham S, Arul GS, Olson TA, Stark D, Shaikh F, Amatruda JF, Covens A, Gershenson DM, Frazier AL
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Print publication date: 15/01/2016
Online publication date: 20/10/2015
Acceptance date: 11/08/2015
ISSN (print): 0008-543X
ISSN (electronic): 1097-0142
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric