Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

IDO in the Tumor Microenvironment: Inflammation, Counter-Regulation, and Tolerance

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Andrew MellorORCiD


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) has immunoregulatory roles associated with tryptophan metabolism. These include counter-regulation (controlling inflammation) and acquired tolerance in T cells. Recent findings reveal that IDO can be triggered by innate responses during tumorigenesis, and also by attempted T cell activation, either spontaneous or due to immunotherapy. Here we review the current understanding of mechanisms by which IDO participates in the control of inflammation and in peripheral tolerance. Focusing on the tumor microenvironment, we examine the role of IDO in response to apoptotic cells and the impact of IDO on Treg cell function. We discuss how the counter regulatory and tolerogenic functions of IDO can be targeted for cancer immunotherapy and present an overview of the current clinical progress in this area.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Munn DH, Mellor AL

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Trends in Immunology

Year: 2016

Volume: 37

Issue: 3

Pages: 193-207

Print publication date: 01/03/2016

Online publication date: 31/01/2016

Acceptance date: 01/01/1900

ISSN (print): 1471-4906

ISSN (electronic): 1471-4981



DOI: 10.1016/