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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Colin Muirhead
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).
This study investigated the cross-sectional association between an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant dietary pattern and diabetes in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey rolling programme Years 1-4. A total of 1531 survey members provided dietary data. Reduced Rank Regression was used to derive an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant dietary pattern. Serum C-reactive protein and plasma carotenoids were selected as response variables and markers of inflammation and antioxidant status, respectively. Overall, 52 survey members had diabetes. The derived anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant dietary pattern was inversely related to C-reactive protein and positively to carotenoids. It was associated with lower odds of diabetes (multivariate adjusted OR for highest compared with lowest quintile: 0.17; 95%CI: 0.04-0.73; P for linear trend=0.013). In conclusion, an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant dietary pattern is inversely related to diabetes. Further research is required to understand the overall framework within which foods and nutrients interact to affect metabolic pathways related to diabetes risk.
Author(s): McGeoghegan L, Muirhead CR, Almoosawi S
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: International Journal of Food Sciences & Nutrition
Online publication date: 04/05/2016
Acceptance date: 11/04/2016
Date deposited: 22/04/2016
ISSN (print): 0963-7486
ISSN (electronic): 1465-3478
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
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