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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Raj Ranjan
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With the increasing interest in large-scale, high-resolution and real-time geographic information system (GIS) applications and spatial big data processing, traditional GIS is not efficient enough to handle the required loads due to limited computational capabilities.Various attempts have been made to adopt high performance computation techniques from different applications, such as designs of advanced architectures, strategies of data partition and direct parallelization method of spatial analysis algorithm, to address such challenges. This paper surveys the current state of parallel GIS with respect to parallel GIS architectures, parallel processing strategies, and relevant topics. We present the general evolution of the GIS architecture which includes main two parallel GIS architectures based on high performance computing cluster and Hadoop cluster. Then we summarize the current spatial data partition strategies, key methods to realize parallel GIS in the view of data decomposition and progress of the special parallel GIS algorithms. We use the parallel processing of GRASS as a case study. We also identify key problems and future potential research directions of parallel GIS.
Author(s): Zhao LJ, Chen LJ, Ranjan R, Choo KKR, He JJ
Publication type: Review
Publication status: Published
Journal: Cluster Computing
Print publication date: 01/03/2016
Online publication date: 26/11/2015
Acceptance date: 15/11/2015
ISSN (print): 1386-7857
ISSN (electronic): 1573-7543