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Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Keith Scott
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A generalized mathematical model, which describes the process of lithium extraction/insertion in active material particles of insertion cathodes, is developed from linear non-equilibrium thermodynamics and the principle of electroneutrality. The model reveals theoretical relations between the intrinsic and apparent transport parameters of lithium-ions and electrons. Calculation formulas for apparent lithium-ion diffusion coefficient D-1* are deduced from the model. A simple trial calculation is introduced to evaluate the cross-phenomenological coefficient of the Onsager reciprocal relationship.By means of referenced intrinsic diffusion coefficients, calculated by ab initio methods, calculations of D-1* upon charge/discharge for the lithium iron phosphate cathode material (FePO4/LiFePO4) are presented. The calculated values of D-1* are within those previously measured experimentally. In the range of lithium ion contents 0.02 <= x <= 1.0, the values of D-1* during charge/discharge vary in the range 10(-12)-10(-14) cm(2) s(-1) and decrease with increasing x. The mean value of D-1* is about 10(-13) cm(2) s(-1), which is five to six orders of magnitude lower than the intrinsic diffusion coefficients.The calculation results indicate that lithium ion diffusion in the active material particles is coupled with electron conduction, and the co-diffusion of lithium ions and electrons is limited by the electron conduction due to the low intrinsic conductivity of FePO4/LiFePO4. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Mao ZY, Sun YP, Scott K
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Print publication date: 01/04/2016
Online publication date: 26/01/2016
Acceptance date: 14/01/2016
ISSN (print): 1572-6657
ISSN (electronic): 1873-2569
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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