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Frailty Screening in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Felicity Dewhurst, Professor Richard Walker, Dr Catherine DotchinORCiD


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ObjectivesTo conduct a systematic review of frailty screening tools used in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).DesignSystematic review.SettingLMICs, as defined by the World Bank on June 30, 2014.ParticipantsElderly adults (as defined by the authors) living in LMICs.MeasurementsStudies were included if the population under consideration lived in a LMIC, the study involved an assessment of frailty, the study population was elderly adults, and the full text of the study was available in English. The Medline, Embase, CINAHL and PsychINFO databases were searched up to June 30, 2014.ResultsSeventy studies with data from 22 LMICs were included in the review. Brazil, Mexico, and China provided data for 60 of the 70 studies (85.7%), and 15 countries contributed data to only one study. Thirty-six studies used the Fried criteria to assess frailty, 20 used a Frailty Index, and eight used the Edmonton Frailty Scale; none of the assessment tools used had been fully validated for use in a LMIC.ConclusionThere has been a rapid increase in the number of published studies of frailty in LMICs over the last 5years. Further validation of the assessment tools used to identify frail elderly people in LMICs is needed if they are to be efficient in identifying those most in need of health care in such settings.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Gray WK, Richardson J, McGuire J, Dewhurst F, Elder V, Weeks J, Walker RW, Dotchin CL

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Year: 2016

Volume: 64

Issue: 4

Pages: 806-823

Print publication date: 01/04/2016

Online publication date: 21/04/2016

Acceptance date: 01/01/1900

ISSN (print): 0002-8614

ISSN (electronic): 1532-5415



DOI: 10.1111/jgs.14069